Warm blood, Hot blood & Cold blood Horse Breeds

Last Updated on February 18, 2022 by Allison Price

We are not referring to a horse as a “hot, cold, or warm” horse. Instead, we are referring to different horses that are grouped together based upon their temperament, build and movement, and the tasks they are best suited for.

What is a Cold Blood Horse?

The Shire, a tall, heavy horse that can pull wagons, carriages and plows, is a descendant of ancient European breeds used in farming and hauling.

They are muscular and strong. Their slow, smooth movements allow them to move all day without fatigue.

These horses are often called “gentle giants” due to their calm and peaceful disposition. They tend to be the largest horse breeds.

Breeds of Cold Blood Horses

  • Shire
  • Clydesdale
  • Percheron
  • Ardennes
  • Friesian
  • Icelandic

What is a Hot Blood Horse, and how do you define it?

The Middle East is home to the oldest breed of horse, the hot blooded horse. They are bold, confident and quick learners. They were bred for speed and agility.

The Thoroughbred is probably the most well-known hot-blooded breed. They are light in build and have long legs. They also have thin skin.

Breeds of Hot Blood Horses

  • Thoroughbred
  • Arab
  • Akhal-Teke
  • Barb

What is a Warm Blood Horse?

By crossing cold and hot blooded breeds, warm blooded horses could be created. This resulted in a horse of middle weight, which is larger than the “hot” blood but less refined than the the “cold”.

These horses are very popular today because they combine the calmer nature of draft breeds with the athletic ability and speed of Thoroughbred/Arab.

Dutch Warmblood

  • Hanoverian
  • Trakehner
  • Holsteiner
  • Irish Sport Horse