Schwarzwälder Kaltblut

Last Updated on April 2, 2022 by Allison Price

Information about the Schwarzwalder Kaltblut horse

The Black Forest records show that horse breeding was documented in the Black Forest as early as the fifteenth century. The Walderpferd was a type of heavy horse used for farm work and forestry. It is believed that the Schwarzwalder Kaltblut horse is derived from it. The breeding area was located between the Kinzigtal and the northern Hotzenwald. The Monasteries of St. Peter, and St. Margen were the main areas of breeding. It was also known as the St. Margener Fuchs.

Schwarzwälder Kaltblut


There were over 1200 registered breeding mares after the Second World War. The demand for working horses dropped rapidly with the introduction of mechanization in agriculture and transport. By 1977, the number of breeding mares was below 160. The FAO listed the breed’s conservation status as “endangered” in 2007. The FAO reported a 2017 population of 88 stallions, and 1077 mares. In 2019, the Gesellschaft zur Erhaltung alter und Gefahrdeter Haustierrassen listed the breed in its category III, gefahrdet as “endangered”.


The Schwarzwalder Kaltblut horse, which is energetic and very gentle, is a strong, active draft horse. They are strong, agile, determined, and persistent. Horses are fertile and have a long life expectancy.


They are a great family horse and leisure horse due to their medium size and light stature for a Coldblood. They can be used for carriage work and forestry. The Schwarzwalder Kaltblut horses are a popular choice for leisure riders and drivers.

Situation of endangered Schwarzwalder Kaltblut

In the 1970s, there were just 160 Schwarzwalder Kaltblut mares remaining. The breed is now part of a large population, with approximately 1000 broodmares registered in Germany thanks to a sustainable breeding program. The Black Forest is gaining popularity among drivers and leisure riders, even though it is still in danger. The breed’s colour diversity is only currently endangered. There are very few bays, blacks, and greys.

Allison Price
Allison Price

I’m Allison, born and raised in San Diego California, the earliest memory I have with horses was at my grandfather’s farm. I used to sit at the stable as a kid and hang out with my Papa while he was training the horses. When I was invited to watch a horse riding competition, I got so fascinated with riding!